If you follow any news about the sustainable design of architecture and neighborhoods you have probably come across the term LEED. It stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, and it’s a series of rating systems created by the United States Green Building Council.
The first LEED Rating System created was for new construction, which focused more on the construction of commercial, institutional, and larger residential buildings. But because having one rating system didn’t allow to take into account the nuances that are specific for a particular building type other rating systems were created.
When you think of sustainable architecture one of the first images that may come to your mind are the houses and other buildings from the 1960’s and 70’s that appear more to be diagrammatic designs than inspiring architecture, with their clerestory windows facing south and the giant trombe wall. Or even the Buckminster Fuller geodesic dome house was to be be more efficient with energy consumption and use of construction materials. The geodesic dome house also incorporated the ability to be constructed off-site which would decrease the time to construct it and better utilize materials and labor.